MASTI - Flora & Fauna - Flora - Trees - Arjun Tree
|Zoological name :
|Found In :
National Park, Pench Tiger Reserve and Kanha National Park
Other names : Arjuna, Koha, Kahu, Arjan, White
Marudah, White Murdh, Arjuna Myrobalan, Orjun, Yerra
maddi, Sadada, Sadaru and many more.
Description : Arjuna is the large size
deciduous tree. The height of the Arjuna tree
reaches upto 60 -85 feet. It is the evergreen tree
with the yellow flowers and conical leaves. It has a
smooth gray bark. Fruit is 2.5 -3.5 cm long, fibrous
woody, glabrous with 5 hard wings, striated with
numerous curved veins. It has a buttressed trunk and
a vast spreading crown from which the branches drop
downwards. Its leaves are dull green above and pale
brown beneath. Arjuna flowers between March to June
and fruits between September to November.
Other Species : Terminalia chebula, T.
bellrica and T. ciliata are the other species of
Arjun tree found in India.
Location : Terminalia Arjuna is common
throughout India especially in the sub Himalayan
tracts and Eastern India. They are widely grown in
Bandhavgarh National Park, Pench Tiger Reserve and
Kanha National Park in India. It is mainly grown on
the banks of the rivers and streams.
Cultivation methods : Its fruit is dried in
the sunlight and than stored up to 6 -12 months.
Seeds are pretreated by soaking in the water for 48
hours before sowing in beds. 8 – 9 months seedlings
are better to transplant in the field.
Medicinal uses : The Bark of the Arjuna tree
contains calcium salts, magnesium salts, and
glucosides has been used in traditional Ayurvedic
herbalism Juice of its leaf is used to cure dysentry
and earache. Arjuna helps in maintaining the
cholesterol level at the normal rate, as it contains
the antioxidant properties similar to the Vitamin E.
It strengths the heart muscles and maintains the
heart functioning properly. It also improves
functioning of cardiac muscle. Arjuna is used for
the treatment of coronary artery disease, heart
failure, edema, angina and hypercholesterolemia. Its
bark power possesses diuretic, prostaglandin
enhancing and coronary risk factor modulating
properties. It is also considered as beneficial in
the treatment of Asthma.
Other uses : Its wood is used in boat and
house building as it is very hard. Its wood is also
used in the making of the agricultural implements
and weapons too. It is grown in the cities and towns
for the purpose of shade.
Cultural Importance : Arjuna is one of the
sacred tree of India. It has acquired the social and
religious sanctity with the passage of time. It is
said that Arjuna has been born of the two sons of
Kubair after saint Narada cursed him. The leaves and
flowers of this tree are offered to the Lord Vishnu
and Lord Ganpati on the several religious occasions.
It has been used in Ayurvedic formation since
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