Other names : Mahogany, West Indian Mahogany,
Spanish mahogany, Madeira redwood, acajou, caoba,
caoba de Santo, cheria mahogany, Cuban mahogany,
American mahogany, True mahogany, small leaf
mahogany, Dominican mahogany are some of the other
names of Indian Mahogany.
Description : Indian Mahogany grow up to the
height of 30 -40 feet. It is fast upright growing
tree with abroad rounded symmetrical crown. It is 20
-30 feet in spread. The fruit is a large greenish
brown capsule, splitting into 5 parts relwasing
flat, long winged, light brown seeds. Its wood is
red brown in colour. Both the male and the female
flowers are produced on the same plant. The bark is
smooth dark brown in colour. The leaves are pinnate
which are 12 -25 cm long, with four to eight
Other Species : Swietenia humilis , Swietenia
candollei, Swietenia fabrilis, Swietenia mahagoni,
Swietenia macrophylla are the other related species
of the Indian Mahogany.
Location : India Mahogany is found in almost all
the parts of India. It can also be found in
Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaziranga National
Park and Corbett National Park in India.
Cultivation methods : Indian Mahogany is
mostly propagated through seeds. It requires partial
shade or full Sun for its growth. It needs water
periodically. It looses its leaves at the end of the
winter. The new leaves start growing after two three
weeks. The new leaves are reddish purple in colour,
which turn yellow green afterwards.
Medicinal uses : The bark extracts are used
as an astringent for wounds. It is used to cure
malaria, anemia diarrhea, fever, dysentery and
depurative. The leaves contain several limonoids;
seven phragmalin limonoids of swietephragmins A-G as
well two other different types of
Other uses : Its wood is used in making
furniture, fixtures, musical instruments, inlay,
boat, caskets and many more. Its wood is a very
popular material for drum making.