Other names : aguru (Sanskrit), Bombay Rosewood
(English), dalbergia (Arabic), nakku katti (Tamil
Nadu), ostindisches Rosenholz, pradu-khaek,
pradu-khaek, shinshapa (Sanskrit), shisham (Hindi),
shishu (Bengali), shisu (Bengali), sisam (Hindi),
sisham (Nepali), sissai (Hindi), sissau (Nepali),
sisso (English), sisso (Tamil), sissoo (English),
sissoo (Arabic), sissoo (Hindi), sissu (Hindi), sisu
(Bengali), sisu (Spanish), sisuitti (Tamil), skuva,
sonoswaseso (Javanese), tali, yette (Tamil) are some
of the other names used for the Indian Rosewood.
Description : Indian Rosewwod is a erect
deciduous tree. It grows to the height of 25 meter
and 2-3 meter in diameter. It has leathery leaves
which are up to 15 cm long. The flowers are whitish
pink in colour. Its crown is oval in shape. The
fruit is brown and pod like in shape. The fruit is
dry and hard. The sapwood is white to pale brown in
colour and the heartwood is golden to dark brown in
Other Species : dalbergia nigra, dalbergia
latifolia are the other known species of the Indian
Location : Indian Rosewood mainly grows on
the banks of the river below 900 meter elevation. It
is widely found in the Indian Stat of Haryana. It
can also be found in the Periyar National Park,
Bandipur National Park and Sariska Tiger Reserve in
Cultivation methods : Indian Rosewood is
mostly propagated through the root suckers and
seeds. It requires fertile well drained soil. Seeds
are soaked in water for 48 hours before sowing.
Seeds are germinated in three weeks. Young Rosewood
needs full sunlight. It requires dry to wet soil.
Young plants are well watered until established.
Flowers occur from October to February
Medicinal uses : Indian Rosewood holds many
medicinal properties. Rosewood oil stimulates new
cell growth, regenerate tissues, and heps minimize
lines and wrinkles. It helps balance both dry and
oily skin. It can prove useful against acne.
Other uses : It is the important fuel wood
and is also used for shade and shelter. Its wood is
used for the making furniture, doors, windows, ship
floors, plywood, skis, musical instruments, carvings
etc. Because of durability Rosewood is often used in
the martial art weaponary, particulary as the shaft
of spears and in the gun staves. Its oil is used in
Cultural importance : Many people grow
Rosewood because they believe harvesting the wood
denudes the rain forests.